Bulgaria boasts a competitive and passionate football scene, with the Bulgarian First Professional Football League, commonly known as the Parva Liga, serving as the pinnacle of the country’s football hierarchy. The league has a rich history, featuring intense rivalries, developing talented players, and contributing to Bulgaria’s presence in international football.

The Parva Liga operates on a system of promotion and relegation and typically consists of 14 teams competing in a round-robin format. Teams face each other twice during the regular season, with matches played both at home and away. The league follows a standard points system, with three points awarded for a win, one point for a draw, and none for a loss.

One of the unique aspects of the Bulgarian football league system is the split format that occurs after the regular season. After the initial phase, the league is divided into two groups: the Championship Group and the Relegation Group. The top six teams enter the Championship Group, where they compete for the league title and European competition spots. The bottom eight teams form the Relegation Group, where they battle to maintain their top-flight status. This format adds excitement and competitiveness to the latter stages of the season.

Clubs that perform well in the Parva Liga have the opportunity to represent Bulgaria in prestigious European competitions, such as the UEFA Champions League and the UEFA Europa League. Participation in these tournaments not only provides a platform for Bulgarian teams to test their mettle against top European sides but also contributes to the development and exposure of Bulgarian football on the international stage.

Bulgaria has a footballing history enriched with legendary players and memorable moments. Clubs such as PFC CSKA Sofia and PFC Levski Sofia have traditionally been powerhouses in Bulgarian football, dominating the domestic scene and leaving an indelible mark on European competitions. The fierce rivalry between CSKA and Levski, known as the “Eternal Derby,” is one of the most anticipated and passionately contested fixtures in Bulgarian football, drawing large crowds and capturing the nation’s footballing spirit.

In recent years, the Parva Liga has seen increased competitiveness and a more balanced distribution of success among different clubs. While traditional giants like CSKA Sofia and Levski Sofia remain influential, other teams have emerged as contenders, challenging the established order and contributing to a more dynamic and unpredictable league.

Financial stability and infrastructure development are ongoing challenges for Bulgarian football. Many clubs face financial constraints, and outdated facilities have hindered the overall progress of the sport. Efforts to address these issues and attract investment to improve stadiums and training facilities are essential for the sustained growth and competitiveness of Bulgarian football.